Beowulf and the Appositive Style. Throughout the poem, Beowulf has been wrestling—both literally and figuratively—with evil, and here he faces it in its purest form. There is not much poetry in the world like this;  Tolkien finishes by arguing that Beowulf "has its own individual character, and peculiar solemnity;"  and would still be powerful even if it came from some unknown time and place; but that in fact its language, Old Englishhas still essential kinship with our own, it was made in this land, and moves in our northern world beneath our northern sky, and for those who are native to that tongue and land, it must ever call with a profound appeal — until the dragon comes.
For it is now to us itself ancient; and yet its maker was telling of things already old and weighted with regret, and he expended his art in making keen that touch upon the heart which sorrows have that are both poignant and remote. He assumed, in other words, that the Beowulf poet was an imaginative writer rather than some kind of back-formation derived from nineteenth-century folklore and philology.
Return Works Cited Klaeber, Fr. First of all, the creature was, in fact, 'born' with the basic qualities of love and compassion that one would expect to find in the average human being.
The Monsters and the Critics", initially delivered as a lecture inis regarded as a formative work in modern Beowulf studies. Finally, Frankenstein is forced into the cold wasteland of the Arctic circle. Grendel Grendel is the first monster that Beowulf fights, and has by far received the most critical attention.
Slusser Copyright Much has been written on the roles, uses, functions, perceptions, descriptions, and underlying motivations and sources of the "monsters" presented in Beowulf. Though not as overt as Grendel, the concept of "revolution" is also displayed in Frankenstein.
An important edition of the poem, this volume also contains a text of Judith, another Old English poem. Frankenstein journeys to the far reaches of the world to escape from the societal ills that cause society to hate him.
Beowulf becomes the invader into her hall just as Grendel was in Heorot. Line numbers will be noted in the text. The allusion is to the age of Romanticism and the Gothic novel.
In the second, adult stage of his life, Grendel tries to answer this question by observing the human community, which fascinates him because of its ability to make patterns and then impose those patterns on the world, creating a sense that the world follows a coherent, ordered system.
Basic Readings in Anglo-Saxon England. Grendel is "the brute existent by which [humankind] learns to define itself" Gardner You gotta kill them. So, he could have been good, but because he was unable to deal with his emotions properly, chose to be evil instead.
The implication would seem to be that either both Grendel and our hero are monstrous, or both are human—or possibly some combination of the two.
Shelley aims to seek the "truth of the elementary principles of human nature" and supply some innovative ideas regarding those simple human truths. Women in Anglo-Saxon culture are "peace-weavers" because one can convince oneself that arranged marriages will prompt feuds to simmer down and "cup-bearers" because they fetch more booze for the men.
Yes, Victor was wrong and irresponsible to neglect his creation, but he certainly did not deserve all of the agony that the monster made him endure.
Frankenstein follows, pushing his creation to the edge of the world, hoping he would fall off, never to be seen or heard from again. Without the monsters, the peculiarly northern courage of Beowulf and his men is meaningless.
He acts to help others although he receives nothing in return. This is obviously a social commentary that fits today as well, if not better, than it did then. Many commentators now classify Grendel as at least partly a man, and some advocate that he may be entirely human, a social outcast from the order of "thegn" and lord.
Social heroism is not a single event, it is properly defined as a "revolution. But the desire of men to kill each other, openly and treacherously, and a social system that encourages such destruction is more frightening, a point I believe the Beowulf-poet wanted to make. According to Frankenstein's time, a hero is someone who protects their lady's name, earns greater glory for themselves and their country, and has a large collection of prestigious degrees to hang on their walls.
Hrothgar's thanes continually try to extinguish Grendel's infernal rage, while he simply wishes to live in harmony with them. Polidori later published his own Gothic novel, The Vampyre; a Tale This is possibly foreshadowing the fact that now that Beowulf is dead his people will die as a result of the invasions they face.
Throughout the course, we will look at historical and contemporary images that depict specific scenes from these texts always, considering the reshaping, reinterpretation of a text in terms of image.
Grendel is also isolated from society, and his actions also classify him as a true hero. These two are two sides of the same coin, and the coin is "warrior.
Overview[ edit ] J.
He gave us monsters with whom we can identify: Beowulf and Grendel are both known for their murderous progenitors: Garbaty said in about these things:"Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics" was a lecture given by J. R. R. Tolkien on literary criticism on the Old English heroic epic poem Beowulf.
It was first published as a paper in that year in the Proceedings of the British Academy, and has since been reprinted in many collections. GENERAL DESCRIPTION. Among the most fascinating and compelling stories passed down through the ages that continue to engage us today are works that involve monstrous creatures or the marvelous realms of the otherworld.
Monsters are completely Other, and fear of them is akin to fear of the unknown. Traditionally, monsters tend to represent forces of nature or divine wrath-things to which humans are powerless to appeal. Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote the Preface to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein in September It immediately alludes to a "Dr.
(Erasmus) Darwin," which gives some me Summary and Analysis Preface to the Edition Bookmark this Shakespeare's Tempest and Midsummer Night's Dream. Apr 21, · What connections can be made between "Frankenstein" and other literature we have read in class?
Or to the contemporary world? Or to your own experience? Beowulf and Frankenstein have many of the same plot lines such as revenge, love, and hatred. Both monsters would have liked to be accepted by the. In the original Beowulf epic, Grendel displays nothing but the most primitive human qualities.
In Grendel, however, he is an intelligent and temperamental monster, capable of rational thought as well as irrational outbursts of emotion. Throughout the novel, the monster Grendel often seems as .Download